# Concepts

These three functionalities each provide different kinds of information and guarantees about the data being referenced.

  • Data Anchoring: Proving that a piece of data was known to exist at a certain point in time. This can also be referred to as "secure timestamping".
  • Data Signing: Asserting to the veracity and validity of a piece of data. Signing implies that the contents of the data are generally accepted to be true by the signer.
  • Data Storing: Storing the raw data itself on the blockchain. This is useful when availability guarantees are necessary. This can also be useful in cases where one wants smart contracts to have direct access to the data itself.